The field of organisational behaviour embraces all these levels as being complementary to each other.
Whenever an individual joins an organisation he brings with him unique set of personal characteristics, experiences from other organisations and a personal background.
Thus, it is essential that OB must study the ways in which the individuals and organisation interact with each other.
Key Takeaways Organizational behavior is the study of how people behave within groups. It seeks to throw light on the entire canvas of human factor in the organisations which will include the causes and effects of such behaviour.
Thus, OB is the study of human behaviour in the organisation, the individual-organisation interaction and the organisation itself. Rational Thinking: Organisational behaviour provides a rational thinking about people and their behaviour. Taylor advocated for maximizing task efficiency through the scientific method.
The study of organizational behavior has its roots in the late s, when the Western Electric Company launched a now-famous series of studies of the behavior of workers at its Hawthorne Works plant in Cicero, Illinois.
This is because the organisation influences and is influenced by the people working in it. Weber analyzed one of these organizations and came to the conclusion that bureaucracy was "an organization that rested on rational-legal principles and maximized technical efficiency.
Moreover, both the individuals and the organisation are influenced by the external environment. Search for: Organizational Behavior: Definition, Importance, Nature, Model Organizational Behavior OB is the study of human behavior in organizational settings, the interface between human behavior and the organization, and the organization itself.
Sometimes OB topics are taught in industrial and organizational psychology graduate programs. Three Levels of Analysis: Organisational behaviour encompasses the study of three levels of analysis namely individual behaviour, inter-individual behaviour and the behaviour of organisations themselves.