Marxist view on crime and deviance essay

evaluation of marxist theory on crime and deviance

The range of crimes or delinquent behaviour these theories try to describe range from small petty thefts to sever violent criminal behaviour. Likewise, a person falsely claiming disability benefits, costing society a few thousand pounds, is likely to be demonised by the media and hounded by the authorities, probably going to prison.

Marxist view of deviance

Furthermore, the values of capitalism are, potentially, criminal values: that the aim of capitalist society is to get as much money and wealth as possible, irrespective of how that might harm other people. His argument was that the criminal justice system was not really there to catch them; nominally universal laws were applied selectively to control the working class while protecting the rich. Switzerland have very low crime rates. The selective enforcement of the law against the working class serves to maintain ruling class power. Theories of Crime Essay example - Many theories of crime are macro theories, which are used to explain crime based on a large group of people or society. However, Marxists fail to develop any possible solutions to crime, apart from destroying the capitalist system and reducing social inequality. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Linkedin Share on Google Share by email In terms of some key evaluation points you could make: Marxist explanations for crime and deviance are accused of being reductionist: they "reduce" everything to economics. Marxists theory adopts the belief that the ruling class is responsible for societies. Critics of Marxism point out, however, that most victims of working-class crime are other working-class people and that this explanation unrealistically romanticises deviants. Capitalism creates crime through a variety of ways: By promoting and spreading values which result in criminality, by creating biased laws, by enforcing these laws selectively and finally by inciting rebellion among the working classes.

There have been major changes in the way Sociologists perceive and study deviance over the years. Further reference will be made to the current crime statistics, and analyse some of the possible explanations for the high proportion of crime that is being committed by young males.

white collar crime revisesociology

This particular act attracts the highest possible criminal sentence. It is very dissimilar to conventional economics, presenting a vital analysis of capitalism while identifying the essentially exploitative and conflictual nature.

Marxist view on crime and deviance essay

The sociological theory, evaluates crime as a social problem, and not as an individual problem. Even though there was a "war on drugs" in the US at the time, Graham found that politicians agreed not to greatly restrict amphetamine production and distribution because most of it was made and sold by large pharmaceutical companies rather than "criminals". By punishing working class criminals it protects capitalism which is responsible for their criminal deviance — in other words, the working class criminal is blamed rather than capitalism. Crime is commonly defined as an act that defies the laws set by the government, however deviance is a greater challenge to characterize as it is an idea that is socially constructed, primarily by the media. From this perspective, legal acts might be harmful; at the same time, sections of society may consider some technically illegal activity harmless or even admirable like revolutionary activism. Pearce — a popular year for classical Marxist criminology argued that even laws that appeared to help workers really helped the bourgeoisie. Gordon uses the Marxist ideas to argue that the selective law enforcement supports capitalism. Marxists theory adopts the belief that the ruling class is responsible for societies. Some would argue that typically proletarian crimes are treated more seriously than typically bourgeois or white collar crimes, not because the state is acting on behalf of the ruling class but because those crimes are actually more serious. Further reference will be made to the current crime statistics, and analyse some of the possible explanations for the high proportion of crime that is being committed by young males. Therefore, some Marxist criminology can be described as transgressive criminology as Marxists are not just interested in acts that are against the law, but also in legal acts that cause harm. Many laws can be seen to function for the benefit of the bourgeoisie, such as property laws. Karl Marx himself believed that a function of crime was to keep some of the proletariat off the streets and then create employment for others to guard them. Subscribe Thanks.

I argue that the communist revolution has not yet occurred because the proletariat has been unable to develop the universal class consciousness that Marx asserts is a necessary condition for his predicted mass uprising They suggest that Marxists ignore the real victims, and only appear interested in victims of the crimes of the rich.

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Classical Marxist Approaches to Crime