Influences on delinquency
Causes and effects of juvenile delinquency
Although mothers became better parents in time, paternal behaviors might have led to an increase in externalization problems. Each tends to be associated with hyperactivity, attention deficit, and impulsiveness Karr-Morse and Wiley, In this frame, the way parenting interacts with child and adolescent delinquency is apt for hermeneutic work. The transition to adolescence is particularly difficult for a susceptible individual with unfavorable childhood experiences. A number of longitudinal studies have shown that children who are behaviorally inhibited shy, anxious are less at risk of juvenile delinquency, while children who tend to be fearless, those who are impulsive, and those who have difficulty delaying gratification are more at risk of delinquent behavior Blumstein et al. Peer Influences A very robust finding in the delinquency literature is that antisocial behavior is strongly related to involvement with deviant peers. Parents who do not watch their young children consistently are less likely to prevent destructive or other unwanted behaviors and therefore more likely to punish. The influence of peers varies depending on the influence of parents. Child Dev. Whatever characteristics individuals have, resulting personalities and behavior are influenced by the social environments in which they are raised. Scott Henggeler initiated this program for individual, household, and system intervention based on the ecological-model at the University of Virginia in the mids. Moreover, how these parental characteristics predict the growth rates of adolescent delinquency across junior high school years was also examined. Google Scholar Lyons, M. Tolerance for gang activities varies by community Curry and Spergel, ; Horowitz,
Environmental effects on intelligence: The forgotten realm of discontinuous nonshared within-family factors. Family Structure Before embarking on a review of the effects of family structure, it is important to raise the question of mechanisms Rutter et al.
Google Scholar Rowe, D.
In general, peer influence is greater among children and adolescents who have little interaction with their parents Kandel et al. Among different parental factors, parental control has been emphasized as one critical dimension that is vital to the development of adolescent delinquency [ 2 ].
Integrated Theory can, in particular, explain male predilection for child sexual abuse, in terms of vulnerability to commit sexual offense due to multiple factors, such as the lack of proper same-sex parental figures as role models during the adolescent period, and the inability to fight the temptation when there is opportunity to sexually offend.
Such an influence may be inferred, however, from the increase in crime that followed successful organization of gangs in Los Angeles Klein, Hyperactivity and aggression are associated with prenatal alcohol exposure Brown et al.
based on 45 review