Then, just as Kumalo is about to leave for Ndotsheni, Gertrude disappears, leaving her son behind.
Kumalo offers the child a meal from his own humble provisions, for he knows that she is poor and hungry Kumalo asks about Absalom, but she says that John's son will know. Arthur Jarvis is a white man who believes in equality between the white men and the native men.
All three of these characters illustrate the various kinds of crime and bad faith that Paton thinks have become huge problems in the black community now that traditional tribal family and social structures have broken down. Against the backdrop that is the South African landscape, Paton illustrates the plight of the disenfranchised native youth, and creates a cast of characters who must struggle through this conflict.
After dinner, Msimangu and Kumalo speak privately: Kumalo tells him that Gertrude came to Johannesburg when her husband was recruited for the mines, but when his job was finished he did not return.
We still don't know how Jarvis is going to respond to his son's political ideas—and we don't know how he is going to treat Absalom, his son's murderer.
Paton describes in detail the conditions in which the Africans were living during this time period, So surely, there's nowhere for things to go but up?
Cry, the Beloved Country. Neither country life or city life would be considered perfect. Paton clearly showed that the white man is superiority to the black, he gives numerous examples throughout the novel.